Top 8 Most Beautiful Places in South America
8 Perito Moreno Glacier, Argentina
The Perito Moreno Glacier is a glacier situated in southwest Santa Cruz Province, Argentina, in the Los Glaciares National Park. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Patagonia, Argentina. The ice field of 250 km2, 30 km (19 mi ) in length, is one of 48 glaciers fed by the Southern Patagonian Ice Field situated within the common Andean region with Chile. This ice field is the third largest fresh-water reserve in the world. The Perito Moreno Glacier, located 78 kilometers (48 mi) from El Calafate, was named after the 19th century explorer Francisco Moreno, a scientist who explored the area and played an important role in the defense of Argentina’s territory.
7 Atacama Desert, Chile
The Atacama Desert is a South American desert plateau spanning a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes. The Atacama Desert’s isolated interior is practically tied for the world’s driest desert, with the other similarly driest area being some very different locations within Antarctica’s McMurdo Dry Valleys. This is also the only real desert to receive less rainfall than the polar deserts. These regions used models of expeditions on Earth for Mars as research sites. According to figures, if the barren lower slopes of the Andes are included the Atacama Desert covers 105,000 km2, or 128,000 km2.
6 Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro is a major seaside town in Brazil, famous for its beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema, 38 m Christ the Statue of the Redeemer atop Mount Corcovado and Sugarloaf Mountain, a peak of granite with cable cars to its summit. The town is also known for its sprawling favelas (shanty towns). The raucous Carnaval festival, featuring floats for parades, flamboyant costumes and samba dancers, is considered to be the biggest in the world.
5 Angel Falls, Venezuela
Angel Falls, in Venezuela, is a waterfall. It is the highest uninterrupted waterfall in the world, with an elevation of 979 meters and a dip of 807 m. The waterfall falls over the edge of the Auyán-tepui mountain in Canaima National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Bolívar State’s Gran Sabana region.
4 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
The Galápagos Islands, in the Pacific Ocean, is a volcanic archipelago. It’s considered one of the most popular wildlife-viewing destinations in the world. An Ecuadorian province, it lies about 1,000km off its coastline. The rugged terrain shelters a variety of species of plants and animals, many found elsewhere. Charles Darwin visited the Galápagos ecosystem in 1835, and later influenced his theory of evolution by his discovery of it.
3 Iguazu Falls, International Border of Brazil and Argentina
Drop in Iguazu is really the world’s watery wonder. This stunning waterfall on the river Iguazu situated at Argentina and Brazil’s border. The Iguazu falls are 1.67 miles long and consist of 275 separate falls. Many of these falls reach an height of 210 ft. Iguazu falls are taller than the Niagara Falls, and twice as wide. Iguazu falls the maximum water flow rate is 1756 cubic meters per second. Depending on the season, it can be reached at the average rate of 13000 cubic meters per second. The ‘Devil’s throat’ is Iguazu’s highlight. It is a narrow chasm that is 150 meters wide and 80 meters high and U-shaped, and contains 14 beautiful waterfalls.
2 Salar De Uyuni, Bolivia
Salar de Uyuni is the world’s biggest salt sheet among the Andes in southwestern Bolivia. It is the legacy of a prehistoric lake that went dry, leaving behind an almost 11,000-sq.-km desert-like. Bright-white salt forest, rock formations and islands littered with cacti. This can be seen from central Incahuasi Island to its otherworldly expanse. While wildlife in this unique ecosystem is unusual, it still harbors many pink flamingos.
1 Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel located high above the valley of the Urubamba River in the Andes Mountains in Peru. Founded in the fifteenth century and later abandoned, it is renowned for its advanced dry-stone walls that combine huge blocks without using mortar, fascinating buildings that rely on astronomical alignments and panoramic vistas. The precise use of it formerly remains a mystery.