Top 10 Strongest Earthquakes in History
A huge 8.6 magnitude earthquake struck the Assam – Tibet area in 1950. At least 780 people were killed, many were injured, and numerous structures were destroyed. As a result, the earth began to break and massive landslides occurred. A town was also swept away as it slipped into a river. Severe damage was also reported in Assam, India, and the surrounding areas.
9 Northern Sumatra, Indonesia
The Sumatra earthquake occurred on March 28, 2005, off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The earthquake killed around 1300 people, the most of them were on the island of Nias. On March 28, 2005, at 16:09:36 UTC, an earthquake struck. It lasted around two minutes in total. The tremor occurred deep beneath the Indian Ocean’s surface.
8 Rat Islands, Alaska
When this massive earthquake generated a tsunami of nearly 30 feet, Alaska had just been a state for 7 years (10 meters). Because of its distant position near the Aleutian Islands’ tip, the quake did little damage despite its size. On February 4, 1965, at 05:01 UTC, an earthquake struck the Rat Islands. It had a magnitude of 8.7 and generated a tsunami on Shemya Island that was almost 10 metres high, although it did relatively little damage.
7 Ecuador-Colombia Earthquake
The 1906 Ecuador-Colombia earthquake struck off the coast of Ecuador near Esmeraldas at 15:36 UTC on January 31. The earthquake, which had a magnitude of 8.8, generated a catastrophic tsunami that killed at least 500 people along Colombia’s coast. A magnitude 8.8 earthquake struck off the coasts of Ecuador and Colombia, causing widespread devastation. It triggered a powerful tsunami that killed between 500 and 1,500 persons.
6 Offshore Maule, Chile
On Saturday, February 27, 2010, at 03:34 local time, an earthquake struck off the coast of central Chile (06:34 UTC). The earthquake had a magnitude of 8.8, but it was followed by three minutes of severe shaking. It is the sixth most powerful earthquake ever recorded by a seismograph. It was also felt powerfully in six different Chilean areas. A tsunami was generated by the earthquake, which wreaked havoc on many coastal communities in south-central Chile.
5 Kamchatka Earthquakes, Russia
In 1952, the world’s first recorded magnitude 9.0 earthquake hit off Kamchatka’s east coast. Locally, the tremor resulted in a 43-foot (13-meter) tsunami. On November 4, 1952, at 16:58 GMT, the major earthquake struck. Initially given a magnitude of 8.2, the quake was subsequently corrected to a magnitude of 9.0 Mw with a duration of roughly 17 minutes. As a result, a massive tsunami struck. Around the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kuril Islands, massive devastation and loss of life has occurred. Hawaii was also hit, with up to $1 million in damages and cattle losses predicted.
4 Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan
On March 11, 2011, at 14:46 JST, the 2011 Thoku earthquake and tsunami struck. The underwater megathrust earthquake, with a magnitude of 9.0–9.1, struck the Pacific Ocean 72 kilometres east of the Oshika Peninsula in the Thoku area, lasting about six minutes and producing a tsunami. This quake claimed the lives of 15,870 people. Over the course of twenty prefectures, 6,114 individuals were injured and 2,814 were reported missing. In addition to the 129,225 structures that completely collapsed, another 254,204 buildings were partially collapsed. Another 691,766 structures were partially damaged.
3 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami
The epicentre of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami was off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia, at 07:58:53 local time on December 26. It was a subsea megathrust earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 Mw and a Mercalli intensity of up to IX in certain places. Subduction produced the earthquake, which generated a series of deadly tsunamis along the shores of nearly all landmasses bordering the Indian Ocean. Over 230,000 people have been killed in fourteen nations, and coastal villages have been inundated by waves up to 30 metres (98 feet) high.
2 Great Alaska Earthquake
The Great Alaskan earthquake of 1964, commonly known as the Good Friday earthquake, struck Alaska at 5:36 p.m. AKST on March 27, 1964. Ground cracks, falling houses, and tsunamis produced by the earthquake killed 131 people across south-central Alaska. It took around 4 minutes for the shaking to stop. Heavy damage was caused by landslides in Anchorage. Water mains, gas, sewer, telephone, and electricity lines were all interrupted across the downtown business district due to massive slides.
1 Valdivia Earthquake, Southern Chile
On May 22, 1960, the Valdivia earthquake, often known as the Great Chilean earthquake, was the most violent earthquake ever recorded. On the moment magnitude scale, it has been assigned a value of 9.4–9.6 in several investigations. It happened late in the afternoon and lasted around 10 minutes. Approximately 1,655 people were murdered, 3,000 were wounded, and 2,000,000 people were left homeless. As a result, $550 million in damage has been sustained in southern Chile. Second, the Tsunami in Hawaii claimed 61 lives and inflicted $75 million in damage. In Japan, there were a further 138 fatalities and $50 million in damage. In addition, 32 people are dead or missing in the Philippines. In addition, the west coast of the United States sustained $500,000 in damage.