Top 10 Most Amazing Temples in The World
10 Jetavanaramaya, Sri Lanka
The Jetavanaramaya is a stupa, or Buddhist reliquary monument, located in Jetavana monastery ruins in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, a world heritage town. It was the world’s tallest stupa at 122 meters and the third highest structure in the world when it was built by Anuradhapura ‘s King Mahasena. Jetavanaramaya was the third highest building in the ancient world, 400 feet high. The king Mahasena built this stupa in the 4th century, using 93 million baked bricks for its building. The whole compound covers an area of 5.6 hectares and includes 10000 Buddhist monks.
9 Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, India
The Temple or Thiruvarangam of Sri Ranganathaswamy is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of the Hindu deity Maha Vishnu, located in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu , India. Designed in Dravidian Architecture, this temple is glorified in its Divya Prabhanda by Alvars and has the unique distinction of being not only the foremost of the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu. , is also the world’s highest functioning Hindu temple.
It is one of the most revered Vaishnava temples rich in legend and tradition in South India. The temple has played an significant role in the history of Vaishnavism starting with Ramanuja’s 11th-century career and his predecessors in Srirangam, Nathamuni and Yamunacharya. Its location, on an island between the rivers Kollidam and Kaveri, has made it vulnerable to flooding and the rampaging of invading armies that repeatedly commanded the military camp site.
8 Temple of heaven, China
Heaven’s Temple is an imperial complex of religious buildings located in central Beijing ‘s southeast portion. The complex was used by the dynasties of the Ming and Qing Emperors for annual prayer ceremonies for good harvest to Heaven. Throughout the Second Opium War the temple was captured by the Anglo-French Alliance. The Eight Nation Alliance seized the temple complex in 1900 during the Boxer Rebellion and turned it into the temporary command of the force in Beijing which lasted for one year. The occupation desecrated the temple and caused serious damage to the complex and the environment.
7 Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar
The Shwedagon is Myanmar’s holiest Buddhist pagoda, as it is believed to contain relics of the present kalpa ‘s four previous Buddhas. Such artifacts include Kakusandha ‘s staff, Koāgamana ‘s water pump, a piece of Kassapa’s robe, and eight hair strands from Gautama ‘s head. Built on Singuttara Hill, 51 meters (167 ft ) high, the pagoda, 112 meters (367 ft ) high, stands 170 meters (560 ft) above sea level, commanding the Yangon skyline. The zoning regulations of Yangon, which limit the maximum building height to 127 meters (417 feet ) above sea level, ensure the prominence of the Shwedagon in the skyline of the city.
6 Prambanan, Indonesia
‘Prambanan’ or ‘Rara Jonggrang’ is a 9th century Hindu temple complex in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimūrti, an image of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Transformer (Shiva). The temple compound is located at the boundary between the provinces of Central Java and Yogyakarta, approximately 17 kilometers (11 mi ) northeast of Yogyakarta.
It was built in the 10th century and used for the construction traditional Hindu architecture. In the complex of Prambanan there are 240 temples, 3 temples of trimurtis, 3 temples of Vahana, 2 temples of Apit, 2 temples of Kelir, 4 temples of Patok and 224 temples of Pervara.
5 Tigers Nest Monastery, Bhutan
First built in 1692, around the Taktsang Senge Samdup Cave where Guru Padmasambhava is said to have meditated in the 8th century for Four Months. Padmasambhava is credited with introducing Bhutan to Buddhism, and is the country’s tutelary deity. Today Paro Taktsang is the best-known of the 13 taktsang or “tiger den” caves he meditated on.
This Tibetan cultural symbol, built in 1692, 3000 meters above sea level. Visitors must make hours of trekking to reach this spot. In Paro Valley there is also a festival known as Tsechu, to commemorate the second Buddha.
4 Borobudur, Indonesia
Established during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty in the 9th century, the temple design follows Javanese Buddhist architecture that combines ancestral worship of the Indonesian indigenous cult with the Buddhist idea of attaining Nirvana. The temple shows the influences of Gupta art which represent the influence of India on the region, but there are enough indigenous scenes and elements incorporated to make Borobudur unique to Indonesia. The monument is a Lord Buddha shrine, and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage.
This temple was abandoned by the eruption of the Merapi volcano for thousands of years, and was rediscovered in 1814. It also discovered hundreds of Buddha statues from here. There are also 100 gutters known as ‘maraka’ in the form of elephant headed trout, one of Borobudur ‘s finest attractions.
3 Golden Temple, India
The Gurdwara is the most important spiritual shrine in Sikhism. Between 1883 and 1920s, it was a center of the Singh Sabha Movement, and between 1947 and 1966, the Punjabi Suba movement. In the early 1980s, the Gurdwara became a centre of confrontation between Indian government headed by Indira Gandhi, some Sikh parties, and Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale ‘s militant movement seeking to establish a new nation called Khalistan. In 1984, Indira Gandhi sent to the Indian Army as part of Operation Blue Star, which resulted in the deaths of more than 1,000 militants, soldiers and civilians, as well as considerable damage to the Gurdwara and the destruction of Akal Takht.
It was founded by 4th Sikh Guru , Guru Ram Das Ji, in 1604. The golden temple has entrances on all four sides, represents welcomed people from all parts of the world here. More than 35,000 people fed in the Golden Temple for free every day.
2 Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Bernard Gouyet led the French archaeologists’ team during the 60’s and 70 ‘s reconstruction. During the 30s his father led restaurations. Bernard fled Cambodia in 1975, when it was destroyed by the Khmer Rouge. — BBC report is the root of this. Spirit of Asia God Angkor Kings Part 7 of the Book. Narrated in 1980, by the late Sir Richard Attenborough. A segment was broadcast on The Discovery Channel in 1987.
Angkor Wat incorporates two main architectural designs of the Khmer empire: the empire-mountain and the later galleried temple. It is built to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology: three rectangular galleries, each elevated above the next, are located within a moat more than 5 kilometers (3 mi) wide and an outer wall 3.6 kilometers (2.2 mi) thick. A quincunx of towers stands in the temple ‘s centre. Unlike other Angkorian temples, Angkor Wat is oriented toward the west; scholars are divided as to what this means.
1 Wat Rong Khun, Thailand
Wat Rong Khun is a private art show in the style of a Buddhist temple in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand, perhaps best known to foreigners as the White Temple. It is owned by Chalermchai Kositpipat who in 1997 designed, built, and opened it to the visitors.
The original Wat Rong Khun was in a bad state of repair by the late 20th century. Funds for the renovation were not available. Chalermchai Kositpipat, a local Chiang Rai artist, decided to rebuild the temple entirely and finance the project with his own money. Chalermchai has now spent THB1.080 million on the project to date. The artist plans to be a place of learning and meditation for the region adjacent to the temple, and to benefit people from the Buddhist teachings. Kositpipat regards the temple as an offering to Buddha and believes that the project will give him immortal life. The works are ongoing today but are not expected to be completed by 2070.